Handicraft industry in Vietnam


Handicrafts industry is one of the oldest traditional industries as well as export value creation. In addition to these successes, the industry is also facing difficulties.
In Vietnam, the handicrafts sector starting from the village and ends with export markets including artisans, craft workers, handicraft export company and the government of Vietnam. Artisans and craft workers is the product manufacturers. Artisans create handicrafts and furniture in the village they live, with local supplies, they maintain this industry than a thousand years. Crafting furniture is usually made by a village. People who are not usually do manual labor in fields directly or indirectly support the production of handicrafts, such as collecting materials, transportation of raw materials or finished products arrive. Then, companies exporting handicrafts responsible for product marketing worldwide with the help of the government of Vietnam. It can be said that the Vietnamese government along with regulations on exporting handicrafts play an important role. Thus, the distribution must work together to achieve success. In addition, field craft to be successful there must be many artisans, craft workers and to achieve higher export revenues.
Handicraft villages in Vietnam:
First, here is the word for the majority community located in suburban and rural areas have traditionally made furniture and crafts. The appearance of the village handicrafts began in the year 20 BC. The development of craft villages in Vietnam oldest is the same time as the development of cultural, social and Vietnam in general agriculture, handicraft villages are part of Vietnam's history. Almost craft villages are concentrated in the Red River Delta such as Hanoi, Bac Ninh, Thai Ninh, Nam Dinh ... There are some villages in Plateau, Central Plains and South. The village as Ha Dong silk, Phu Vinh bamboo and rattan village, Bat Trang and were present from about 1,700, 700 and 500 years ago. In addition, the craft village where not only is the production of handicrafts, as well as supply materials made handicraft items.
Currently, the popularity as well as the presence of craft villages as well as commercial activities of the handmade products is heavily dependent on the government of Vietnam. The government has realized the importance of economic and cultural villages, so they are encouraged to introduce handicraft products to foreign tourists. Moreover, the craft village also received government subsidies to be competitive in the market of international handicrafts.
Current Situation of exports handicrafts Vietnam:
Vietnam is one of the largest exporters of furniture art and handicrafts in Asia, with the average export rate of 13% annually in recent years. Vietnam handicrafts are exported to 163 countries and territories. Europe, ASEAN, the Americas, Australia, China, India, Malaysia, Germany and Ukraine is one of the important export market for crafts leading Vietnam, such bags, umbrellas, hats, bamboo, ceramics, rattan, bamboo, wood products. Export sales of handicraft items Vietnam has witnessed a boom out within 10 years, from 274 million in 2000 to 880 million in 2009. 2009, revenues decreased due to the economic crisis global. Export sales of the first quarter of 2010 was $ 180 million. In the first quarter of 2010, export markets are the U.S., Japan, France, Germany, Taiwan.
From 18/4 to 4/21/2012, there were exhibits artwork and handicrafts are Lifestyle Vietnam was held in Ho Chi Minh by association exporting handicrafts Vietnam in collaboration with the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam. The exhibition is a good opportunity for businesses in this area tend to catch up with customers, so they can figure out the best way to produce goods in accordance with customer needs. In addition, the field of production of handicrafts Vietnam ranked second in Asia after China. However, we have the advantage that importers tend to leave China to go to Vietnam to find suppliers.
The reason for the success and difficulties:
Recent success of the industry can manually Vietnam due to many factors:
_ First, due to the economic transition from a centrally planned to a market economy has affected the expansion of handicraft industry. The opening of Vietnam's economy begins calling for Vietnam in the international market. As a result, the government of Vietnam has opened export activities. In addition, handicraft industry also does not require high production costs, this allows business development at low cost.

_Thu Two, handicrafts received encouragement and support from the government of Vietnam to realize their potential by cottage industries in the international market. The incentive here is in the form of tax incentives, taking more land opportunities along with opportunities for learning and development of ethnic minorities.
_Cuoi Same, the popularity of crafts with the West also contributed to the success of handicrafts in Vietnam. Globalization and tourism have also introduced Vietnam handicrafts to tourists, foreign users. These items are great for foreigners looking product, they can relate to the craft villages have made it.

However, the industry is also facing many difficulties, such as the number of designs is limited, small craft companies can not afford to win big contracts. It is difficult for the craftsmen built the brand expanded market size. In this industry, China and India seem to occupy more advantage. In addition, the market method to predict market channels and poor amateur did not make export sales achieved targets. So, to help this sector grow, first to upgrade production technology requires financial support from the government. In addition, the villagers have to work together to expand the brand, enhance production capacity and boost export earnings.

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