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Hanoi craft villages: Positive apply cleaner production

09/10/2014

According to the Hanoi Department of Industry and Commerce, the city has about 1,270 villages characterized leverage to land at the place of production; most wastewater treatment systems are not construction investment; 70% of the equipment used is rudimentary machines, simple ... As a result, environmental pollution villages is inevitable and increasingly serious threat to the environment as well as production development. In the outlying villages, this issue is becoming more prominent. Specifically, in the village agricultural product processing, air pollution from the burning of fuel, due to the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter in wastewater, solid waste (CO2, NH3, CH4 ...) . At the village rattan, hat, dark flavor ..., by drying mold brimstone use has caused a large amount of gas generated SO2. The atmosphere in the village textile, ceramics contaminated cotton dust, coal dust, chemical fumes, caustic waste pollution villages ... not only affect the environment but also causes the disease rate tends rise, especially among people of working age.
Dao Hong Thai - Director of Energy Conservation Center Hanoi - environmental pollution in craft villages can completely overcome if the application of cleaner production solutions. Application of cleaner production measures to reduce pollution and increase economic efficiency in the village area is one of the focuses of the CP operation is ongoing in the area.
Typically the Bat Trang pottery village, formerly, every day, the village of about 800 tons of coal consumption and emissions into the environment of toxic gases: CO, SO2, H2S, silica dust, solid waste ... In order to solve address the problem of sustainable development, enterprises and production facilities in Bat Trang village has actively participated in the production of technological transformation. In early 2006, the Ministry of Science and Technology in collaboration with the Global Environment Facility of the UNDP project "Enhancing energy efficiency in SMEs in Vietnam" in the village. The project has helped businesses convert baked ceramic technology from the coal furnace, gas furnace gas furnace traditional to modern. After 4 years of production technology transformation, Tran Van TCB artisans in Bat Trang a business owner said: Fired Oven Gas product enhancements to help businesses reduce the rate of energy consumption per unit of product to 30%, increasing the percentage of products to achieve quality standards oven to 95-98% (previously 60-70%); profit increased 2-3 fold compared to older technologies.
Some rattan enterprises in Phu Vinh village (Phu Nghia commune, Chuong My District) have adopted cleaner production, bring economic benefits to the environment. Ms. Nguyen Thi An, business owners rattan An Nghia share: Before implementing cleaner production, DN depleted to 10% at the stage fresh clouds boiled, soaked purchasing. Chemical loss due boiled and soaked cloud systems made of cement without heat; also at this stage, 10% of raw materials continued to be loss. When implementing cleaner production, brought results unexpectedly, the amount of material losses that businesses do not lose significantly reduced costs, in particular, to reduce emissions into the environment.

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