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Traditional crafts of Vietnam

07/10/2014

Vietnam handicrafts which have a long tradition. Traditions associated with wet rice civilization, in association with the village name, city and profession is represented by the handmade product with the unique, exquisite, flawless. Craft will not only bring economic benefits, but also contains many traditions, the beauty of traditional village culture of Vietnam.Associated with wet rice civilization, the traditional craft villages in Vietnam focused primarily in the Red River Delta in Hanoi, Bac Ninh, Thai Binh, Nam Dinh ... then developed length history of building and water retention. Formerly of the ancient Vietnamese economy is mainly dependent on rice cultivation, so in addition to farming, the harvest time, farmers often enlist the furniture made of rattan, bamboo or iron tools , serving domestic copper production. Over time, the craft industry development according to family size and gradually forming guilds, craft village specialized profession. There are villages specializing in making pottery, weaving mats, weaving, wood carving village, village carving, bronze casting ...

Hanoi with thousand-year history of Thang Long - Dong Do is home to many villages, many villages have a long history in the country. In particular, there is the old quarter of Hanoi 36 streets, where every street names usually start from the "Goods" only a certain crafts. This is the guild originated from the traditional craft villages in many places down to Thang Long settled. Today, the city retains many street names and traditional crafts such as Hang Bac still producing, processing of gold, silver, tin Hang woodworking, soldering, Hang Dong VND craft carving ... But also no place to keep the old name as Sail Hang, Hang, Hang Quat and Hang Calm ... but extinct ancient craft. However, where this has kept many traces cultural history related to the ancient guilds. Prof. Dr. Ngo Duc Thinh, the folklore research, said: "There is no city like Hang Fan also a fan anymore, but leave memories for everyone here know existed a traditional craft, creating a lifestyle and still retain a traditional lifestyle with nuances in terms of architecture, ancient village lifestyle. "

Due to the characteristics of agriculture and villages Vietnam relations with social organizations almost closed, rural people often spoke highly of Vietnam's self-sufficiency, community solidarity, many villages formation of unique crafts with her own secret. Recipes village that was handed down from generation to generation, so that over hundreds of years, many traditional crafts not only be maintained but also developed. Today in Vietnam there are still villages belonging to the main occupational groups such as lacquerware, ceramics, gold and silver embroidery, rattan, rush, textiles, paper, folk paintings, wood and stone ... In that more traditional typical village such as Bat Trang ceramic village, Van Phuc silk village Kieu Ky gold plated kneeling (Hanoi), Dong Ho painting village, Dong Ky wooden village (Bac Ninh), Cat Dang village lacquer (Y Yen, Nam Dinh), Non Nuoc stone carving village (Da Nang) ... Mr. Nguyen Huu Nam, the facility employed in Kieu Ky village, said: "this job is a family tradition from the tool organization, our grandfather, till now I capture technology outsourcing products kneeling local gold and silver precious present I begin training for the children, the children of the family ".

Products of villages not just trade, but also cultural values, history. In many places this village, city jobs have become attractions of cultural tours and tourist villages.

 

Currently in Vietnam there are about 4,500 villages, of which nearly 400 traditional villages. The village is attracting about 12 million workers, in addition to creating jobs for millions of rural laborers harvest time. Products by craftsmen villages contributed to export turnover of more than $ 1 billion / year. The traditional craft products not only adhere to life, but also to meet the daily needs of human culture. Many villages do not only create specific goods but also create products with the unique folk culture villages curious as he (earthen clay games for kids) in Hanoi, or carving object, making puppets shallow, and the water in Nam Dinh, Thai Binh ... the lines at the craft village where tradition is kept, but the preservation of cultural heritage and intangible objects and is to travel to domestic and international customers. /.

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