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User traditional village development southwest of

23/09/2014

According to our survey, the nature of the profession, their successors, the depth and pervasive traditional villages of the South West is not really clear. This explains the gaps between development planning capabilities cottage industries (cottage) with the efforts of capital investment and vocational training for rural workers. More difficult with traditional villages Southwestern pressure of market mechanisms.
(nhandan.com.vn) According to our survey, the nature of the profession, their successors, the depth and pervasive traditional villages of the South West is not really clear. This explains the gaps between development planning capabilities cottage industries (cottage) with the efforts of capital investment and vocational training for rural workers. More difficult with traditional villages Southwestern pressure of market mechanisms.
 


Paddling against the market mechanism
 
Exchange ideas about traditional village local, Mr. Lam Van Man, an alternate member of the Central Party Committee, Secretary of the Party Committee of Chau Thanh district, Soc Trang province, said: 'want the same difficulty, especially early the products! '. According to tradition, the comrades of the local Khmer people mostly make use of local materials such as bamboo baskets Knitting, Machine-serving agriculture, low efficiency, no refined products tricks to sell to tourists. A problem arises between workers are not used to gather production unit is mainly household economy, outdated technology, are fragmented. District authorities have also thought of looking artisans, and traditional vocational courses for rural workers, in order to take advantage of local materials and labor harvest. Not long ago, the village-based cooperatives State investment in the construction, manufacturing equipment along with crafts, cooperative members are Industrial Promotion Center for vocational training, combined with a study tour to experience the traditional villages elsewhere. However, the most difficult is still no output products, mainly sold in markets commune, district market, with low cost, mainly artisans working order.
 
Just to see that, handcrafted products with complex materials, low strength are industrial products for material iron, plastic, nylon, with high strength, reasonable price, convenience high replacement. Market mechanisms put pressure on traditional rural industries in terms of price, quality and product design, which is not to mention the prestige of the manufacturing base for their products. The level of labor turnover from rural to urban areas is increasing more rapidly inflates the industrial zones and urban areas is a growing challenge to the basis of handicraft, traditional villages in employee retention and artisans. The mechanization of production processes manually, along with training, skills development workers are handicraft establishments apply.
 
We visited the village cooperatives Tan Phu, Chau Thanh district (Soc Trang). Cooperative Extension Center is the architecture supports splitting machines, capsule machine sharpeners, vacuum presses wrap. District Vocational Training Centre for two support staff go Cooperative Learning in villages led Dong Thap province, then apprenticed Kim Hung hyacinth weaving cooperative in Cai Rang district (Can Tho), while the organized training woven water hyacinth for people in the villages, but the number of apprentices too little, so it can not contract the knit goods are exported. There are reasons that lead people familiar items and bamboo, so the change to the other items are new operation, slow, low-income, at the same time focusing on the village people struggling for familiar way of working at home to look after the comfort and care for children.
 
In the city of Can Tho, cooperatives and handicraft industries are formed from villages such as cloves Roofing Cooperative Success, hyacinth weaving cooperative Kim Hung, Thang Loi cooperative mats, attracted more than 500 member households and thousands labor. With the active support of capital, training, supply of raw materials, consumer products, these cooperatives have contributed to stability and development of villages for village products from potentially competitive. The downside is the cooperative product of not building the brand and model are monotonic, scale cooperatives are small, lack of investment technology innovation.

In fact, the handicraft industry is not really rooted in the rural Mekong Delta, traditional industries operate longer spontaneous, small-scale, fragmented and mostly done at home with the local raw materials, less attention to form, mainly to take advantage harvest labor, serve immediate livelihood seasonal. One of the limitations of the villages in the South West properties shown by single operation, individual business, lack of coherence, lack of wards, professional associations, so difficult to find outlets for products products. Unable to traditional villages 'swim', is required to set out in State hands gathered, mounting production facilities, households and artisans together in the form of vocational neighbors, village associations. Questioning will be more reasonable when determining the development of traditional industries to create jobs for rural workers, the first step to train workers for the industrial base, handicraft and industrial parks , the high-tech agriculture, labor export ...
 
Find the way out
 
Traditional village bakers beer, sesame cake lies, Chau Thanh district Sausage, My Tu district (Soc Trang) have grown quite strong, and varied, diverse in quality, design and reputable with customers in the province and outside the province, bringing the gift of one individual to Soc Trang. Currently, the village is pretty good competition in the market in terms of price, quality and product design. The production base invested in modern machinery, along with a secret blend of materials and innovative designs to improve product quality. In the past years, Tan Hue bakery Bía Vienna Sausage Mai Lo Que increasing shipments to the United States, Australia's O-li-a ... This is something to think about and refine the strategic planning and develop traditional craft villages in the South West.
 
The traditional villages are aiming Southwest identifiable products 'fatality'? But brands need to register in order to demand evidence for the consumption of the product on the domestic market and abroad, Ben Tre lesson cake, Phu Quoc anchovy sauce should be drawing experience. Ultimately, traditional industries in the area with all kinds of products to serve practical agriculture, forestry and fishing locally, such as weaving baskets, mats of the ethnic Khmer, knitting grid coastal communes, Phu Quoc fish sauce, sugar Thot district in Tri Ton, Tinh Bien (An Giang) ... Recently the production facilities crafts, fine arts focus on commodities trading service tourism and exports. Initially some items the attention of tourists as Phu Quoc pearls, tortoise Ha Tien (Kien Giang), products made of crocodile skin My Khanh village (Phong Dien District, Can Tho City), hyacinth products made for export in Phung Hiep District (Hau Giang) ...
 
Also found that in addition to the contribution to the economy, to create jobs for rural workers, traditional villages Southwest currently custodians of cultural values - the history of the country and people of the river water, Southern hick. The value of cultural contributions of traditional villages Southwestern need special attention in development planning and handicraft industries, conservation, careful aesthetic factors of texture, pattern of development branding of handcrafted items, art. Therefore, the development planning traditional villages Southwestern need to integrate policies and solutions to develop grassroots cultural life, hunger eradication and poverty reduction, vocational training for rural workers, building new rural construction.
 
Urgent problem today is training for legacy forces and improve product quality. A common situation in the South West is the traditional village artisans are getting older, some younger workers are not even interesting career, ready to quit, to leave home for work other than in high-income cities and towns. The percentage of trained craftsmen, no less quit. That is also the reason why traditional villages scaling difficult, dull activity, lack of innovation in design and product categories. Status 'lack of teachers, fewer workers' direct impact on improving the quality of traditional handicraft products. Improving product quality from the selection of raw materials, how drying, vacuum, split, polished materials, and the skillful hands of the workers, on the level of aesthetic patterns, textures created to improve sophistication and value to traditional craft products becoming all the processes in the South West village. The artists retain, open the traditional classroom training, opening showrooms traditional products, combined with the promotional activities of the villages in the area is essential.

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